The baroque chapel was designed and built by the Olomouc architect Jan Jakub Kniebandl (approx. 1670–1730). The architecture is striking in its interior design, the model for which was the cross-sectional oval church of the Jesuit novitiates Sant'Andrea al Quirinale in Rome (1658–1670), designed by the distinguished Roman architect, sculptor and painter Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598–1680).
Corpus Christi chapel stands on lengthwise oval ground plan, with an evident Eucharistic reference to the figure of the host, the Body of Christ. The form of the main altar, flanked by identical pillars bearing a forked fronton and with multiple pilasters, is derived from the main altar of the church in Rome. The Bernini inspired sculptural and stucco decoration of the chapel, with a triangle of female statues at the apex and on the flanks of the main altar, personifying the main Christian virtues of Faith, Hope and Love, together with the angels above the main altar and on the frames of the bye-altars, is the work of the Olomouc sculptor Filip Sattler (1695–1738). The apical female figure above the altar retable is reminiscent in its location and gesture of the figure of St. Andrew above the main altar in Bernini's church.
The vaulting of the chapel, through its continuous ceiling painting depicting the legendary, historically undocumented victory of Jaroslav of Šternberk over the Tatars by Olomouc, reportedly on 24 June 1241 (1253), opens out into the glorification of the Body of Christ. It was painted in 1728 by the foremost Olomouc painter Jan Kryštof Handke (1694–1774), together with the Eucharistic altar painting The Supper at Emmaus. The vaulting in the open heavens depicts the Holy Trinity – God the Father, the dove of the Holy Spirit and Christ represented by a lamb on the cross, residing in the heavenly sphere. Our Lady of the Victories shows the Trinity a shining eight-point star of the house of Šternberk in the arms of an angel above a model of the Olomouc church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, where Jaroslav of Šternberk took communion from the hands of a priest (scene above the altar), bringing about his miraculous victory over the Tatars.
The angels, led by the archangel St. Michael, advance with flames and flaming swords in their hands to the night camp of the Tatars on the opposite side of the vaulting, prepared to intervene in favour of the approaching Šternberk army. The depiction of the alarmed Tatars in Turkish turbans updates the persistent danger of Turkish wars with a reminder of bygone distinctions of the population of Olomouc in defending Christendom, and with a hopeful reminder of the last victory of prince Eugene of Savoy over the Turks at the conquest of Belgrade (1717).
In 2002, the restored and uniquely preserved Corpus Christi Chapel, which was virtually unaffected by the subsequent two hundred years of use of the Jesuit Konvikt for military purposes, became a concert, conference and social function room of the Arts Centre of Palacký University in Olomouc.